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Fischer's 11-0 clean sweep!, Addison vs Fischer, Round 7, 1963 US Championship
William G Addison vs Robert James Fischer
New York ch-US 1963 · Spanish Game: Morphy Defense. Norwegian Variation (C70)
[Event "New York ch-US Rd: 7"]
[Site "New York ch-US Rd: 7"]
[White "William G Addison"]
[Black "Robert James Fischer"]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 b5 5. Bb3 Na5 6. d4 exd4
7. Qxd4 Ne7 8. c3 Nxb3 9. axb3 Bb7 10. Bf4 d5 11. e5 c5
12. Qd3 Ng6 13. Bg3 Be7 14. Nbd2 Nf8 15. O-O Ne6 16. Rad1 g5
17. h3 h5 18. Rfe1 Qb6 19. Nf1 d4 20. N3d2 g4 21. h4 Qc6
22. Qe4 O-O-O 23. Qxc6+ Bxc6 24. c4 Kd7 25. Ra1 Ra8 26. Ne4
Bxe4 27. Rxe4 Ng7 28. Nd2 Nf5 29. Rf4 Ke6 30. Ne4 bxc4
31. bxc4 Rhb8 32. Ra2 Rb4 33. Nd2 Nxh4 34. Bxh4 Bxh4 35. Re4
Bg5 36. f4 gxf3 37. Nxf3 Be3+ 38. Kh2 Rxc4 0-1
Who is Fischer ?
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943 – January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion. Many consider him to be the greatest chess player of all time.
Fischer showed great skill in chess from an early age; at 13, he won a brilliancy known as "The Game of the Century". At age 14, he became the US Chess Champion, and at 15, he became both the youngest grandmaster (GM) up to that time and the youngest candidate for the World Championship. At age 20, Fischer won the 1963/64 US Championship with 11 wins in 11 games, the only perfect score in the history of the tournament. His book My 60 Memorable Games, published in 1969, is regarded as essential reading. He won the 1970 Interzonal Tournament by a record 3½-point margin, and won 20 consecutive games, including two unprecedented 6–0 sweeps, in the Candidates Matches. In July 1971, he became the first official FIDE number-one-rated player.
Fischer won the World Chess Championship in 1972, defeating Boris Spassky of the USSR, in a match held in Reykjavík, Iceland. Publicized as a Cold War confrontation between the US and USSR, it attracted more worldwide interest than any chess championship before or since. In 1975, Fischer refused to defend his title when an agreement could not be reached with FIDE, chess's international governing body, over one of the conditions for the match. Under FIDE rules, this resulted in Soviet GM Anatoly Karpov, who had won the qualifying Candidates' cycle, being named the new world champion by default.
After forfeiting his title as World Champion, Fischer became reclusive and sometimes erratic, disappearing from both competitive chess and the public eye. In 1992, he reemerged to win an unofficial rematch against Spassky. It was held in Yugoslavia, which was under a United Nations embargo at the time. His participation led to a conflict with the US government, which warned Fischer that his participation in the match would violate an executive order imposing US sanctions on Yugoslavia. The US government ultimately issued a warrant for his arrest. After that, Fischer lived his life as an émigré. In 2004, he was arrested in Japan and held for several months for using a passport that had been revoked by the US government. Eventually, he was granted an Icelandic passport and citizenship by a special act of the Icelandic Althing, allowing him to live in Iceland until his death in 2008.
Fischer made numerous lasting contributions to chess. In the 1990s, he patented a modified chess timing system that added a time increment after each move, now a standard practice in top tournament and match play. He also invented Fischerandom, a new variant of chess known today as Chess960.
Who is Addison ?
William (Bill) Grady Addison (November 28, 1933 in Baton Rouge, Louisiana – October 29, 2008 in San Francisco) was an American chess International Master (1967).
He played in the U.S. Chess Championships of 1962–63, 1963–64, 1965, 1966, and 1969. He took second place with 7.5/11 behind Samuel Reshevsky in the 1969 US Championship and qualified for the 1970 Interzonal at Palma de Mallorca, where he finished 18th. He represented the United States in the Chess Olympiads of 1964 and 1966 (team silver medal). His last published FIDE Elo rating was 2490 and his USCF rating was 2595.
From 1965 to 1969 he was director of the Mechanics' Institute Chess Club.
William G Addison vs Donald Byrne (1963) US Championship 1963, King's Indian Defense: Fianchetto Variation. Immediate Fianchetto (E60), 1-0
William G Addison vs Robert James Fischer (1965) New York ch-US 1965, Nimzo-Indian Defense: Normal. Bronstein (Byrne) Variation (E45), 1/2-1/2
Robert James Fischer vs William G Addison (1966) New York ch-US 1966, Spanish Game: Open Variations (C80), 1/2-1/2