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What's the diference between IM, NM, CM, LM, GM and FM?

Asked by qwertyuiopasd
Tags title im mn cm lm gm fm
Activity Viewed 76070 times, last updated
What's the diference between IM, NM, CM, LM, GM and FM?
10 Answers
Answered by Tournaments
IM = International Master
NM = National Master
CM = Candidate Msater
LM = Lichess Master (see
GM = Grandmaster
FM = FIDE Master

All except LM are titles achieved by ratings and/or norms (exceptional performance in a tournament).
Anonymous-1 commented :
What does FIDE stand for?
Tournaments commented :
Federation Internationale des Echecs
Corridor commented :
For non-Francophones, the International Chess Federation
Answered by NM jposthuma
Here is a list of all the titles you will see on here in order of difficulty to attain:
Note that FIDE is the International Chess Federation. Not all over the board tournaments are FIDE rated, but all FIDE rated tournaments are over the board.

GM: Grandmaster, 2500 FIDE
IM: International Master, 2400 FIDE
FM: FIDE Master, 2300 FIDE
CM: Candidate Master, 2200 FIDE
NM: National Master, 2200 USCF/CFC/Other National Federation. (2200 USCF is roughly equal to 2100 FIDE)
LM: Lichess Master. I believe the current requirements are to be 2500 bullet, 2400 blitz, 2300 classical, or 2200+ in at least 3 variants. Something like that.

There are also Woman's FIDE titles (WGM, WIM, WFM, WCM) that are the same as the regular titles minus 200 FIDE points. For example, FM = 2300, WFM = 2100.
KingMeTaco666 commented :
FIDE has online arena that is rated and also hands out armature tittles..
Answered by Vladimir_Ikhonov
Although it is true that on lichess, "LM" means "Lichess Master", it is of interest to note that LM is an official title awarded by the USCF. It means "Life Master", and there are probably LMs on here that are life masters and not lichess masters.
Luetage commented :
USCF Life Master titles aren't shown on lichess, that's why LM will always be Lichess Master on here. The "lowest" official title is NM, and that's not even a FIDE title.
MeWantCookie commented :
If you go by technicality the lowest master is Lichess master. But it looks like the average NM is basically a Lichess master from what I have seen. You could say LM and NM are basically the same.
Mister2 commented :
it is lichess master. go to an lm's account, find a game, click the crosstable, hover your mouse over the bright lm letters and it will say lichess master
Mister2 commented :
well at least that happens to me
Answered by Toadofsky
According to FIDE rules there are many differences (read the rules for details), and sometimes titles are awarded regardless of rating, as noted below:

The Award of Titles
Titles may be awarded for specific results in specific Championship events, or are awarded on achieving a rating as laid down in these regulations. Such titles are confirmed by the QC Chairman on advice from the FIDE Office. They are then awarded by FIDE.
Titles are also awarded based on applications with norms with a sufficient number of games. These titles shall be awarded by the General Assembly on recommendation by the QC that the candidate meets the requirements. The Presidential Board or Executive Board may award titles in clear cases only, after consultation with the QC.
Answered by Tonydilapieuvre
it's a strange question endeed but i beleive that there is no difference in chess between women and man so no there isn't such thing
Answered by SuedeStonn
I saw on one database that John Nunn has the title of 'DM', anyone know what that is? (I've never seen it and aside from the 'master' part I can't even guess what it is.)
Doofenshmirtz commented :
It means he's a Dungeon Master.
Answered by pianogirl2
They are different titles that you earn if you are a certain rating (2200 or more). (Sometimes I saw these people and I chose to change my game because I knew they would beat me.
Answered by hellSp4wn
roughly how many times stronger is an average GM than an average FM
SuedeStonn commented :
I think FM's are generally between 2100 and 2300, IM's between 2300 and 2500, and GM's from 2500 up (I've seen 2700+ players called SuperGM's in multiple forums or videos, though it isn't an actual title)... so by points you're looking at about a difference of 400, and imo a GM is at least twice as strong, if not 3-4 times as strong, as a FM. FM's are really good, but to attain GM level you pretty much have to know everything at least a little (like openings) and know some things to a 'T' (specific openings, end game theory, etc), be creative, etc etc etc... you know, what us mere mortals can't do. ;}
Answered by PalarongPambansa2016
So, how can you claim if you are a FIDE Master?
kaynight commented :
give them your fide ID m8
Answered by I0euros
It might stand as a little awkard question.
Is it possible to exist WLM with lower requirements?

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