Please help me with my black repertoire when my opponent doesn't play 1. e4

I can't find an answer to what i should play with black when my opponent doesn't open with 1. e4. I will shortly tell you how the rest of my repertoire looks, that you can better help me to find a solution.


1. e4
against e5 -> Scotch
against c5-> Alapin
against e6 -> Advance (not overly happy with this one but it fits well with the Alapin)
against c6-> 2. c4 panov

I also play sometimes various queen's pawn openings and the King's Indian Attack.

against e4 -> e5 (open ruy lopez, giuoco piano via two knights move order)
against d4 -> queen's gambit declined
other systems-> trying to keep things in QGD territory

In general I score badly against d4 be it the QGD or queen's pawn openings. I prefer more open positions and I also don't enjoy these games to much which is the biggest problem for me because I play just for fun. I looked into the dutch (lenningrad and classical) but i get the feeling that i have to know lots of theory just to get a game where i am slightly worse. The KID is to much theory for me and I feel in general vulnerable with a kingside fianchetto.

Whats the solution for me? Maybe the slav? The thing I like most about the QGD is that I can play similar against the Reti and c4

Thanks in advance for your suggestions!

Have you considered something along the lines of the Modern/Pirc system? You can run that against most openings, and it's very flexible

I like to play Nimzo-Indian Defense

@nr.2 Yes I considered that but i hate it when i dont have much space and have to somehow maneuver my pieces. That's the reason I play and love e5 against 1.e4. Pirc and Modern also transpose often to the KID when white opens 1. d4. I also wrote in my opening post that i don't like kingdside fianchettoes

Go to the
Press the results of the analysis.
If the majority of people answer to a move, then that's the human main line.
If there is no majority, then you will have to look at both optimal solutions for the next move and remember that there are two options at that particular position.

Seeing a database of what most players play helps to make decisions.
It does not mean it's a perfect move, but it's the most human move.

Can chess engines construct a chess fortress? Humans can. Imagine feeling your way in the dark. You cannot touch everything around you. So an engine is the same thing, it prunes lines.
I wonder if every pruned line has been proven that it would give a lost game?

"The stress is gone, when you're in familiar territory."

You may consider the Tarrasch Defence (1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 c5) or the Queen's Gambit Accepted. Both lead to more open games, relative to other 1.d4 options. The Tarrasch set-up can be played against any non-1.e4 opening, so it is great in that respect. The downside is that the normal Tarrasch positions only arise after 2.c4 (and, of course, the QGA can only be played against the Queen's Gambit!), and the 1.d4 deviations have become extremely popular, especially at amateur level.

Against deviations, my go-to approach is, if White lets me, play e5 as fast as possible, and if he stops that, play c5. From there it is either plop a Knight on e4, maybe follow with f5, and play in the center, or pressure the Queenside with Rc8, Qc7, Nc6-a5-c4/b3, that sort of thing. As a final option, the Stonewall Dutch set-up can be quite good against many non-QG tries. It's an easy plan (Nf6-e4, Bd6, maybe Rf8-f6, g5, pawn storm the King), Black gets a bad Bishop but firm control in the center, and when I was 1500 it was the first opening that felt "right" against 1.d4. It also really helped my attacking skills. Might be worth a shot.

The Tarrasch may be out of favor at the highest levels, but it's still fine for most people, and I've heard people put forward the theory that playing the Tarrasch is a good way for lower rated players to get better at chess.

I start my d4 games via the Reti move-order (Nf3, c4) avoiding Tarrasch, think it is not easy for white. Besides avoiding Benoni, Wolga, Gruenfeld and more.

Paramount: no cooperation with the opponent. ;)

Purdy claims the Tarrasch setup is the best.
Dzindzichashvili claims that the Nimzo-Indian is the best.
Bloodgood (,_chess_and_brief_escape) (second in rating after Fischer) claims that stabbing them in the heart is best. [jk]

Having problem with an acceptable defense to d4 and having played most of the defenses, the one I suggest is the Noteboom defense of the QDG. You cede the center, but you have clear objectives. If white doesn't follow the main lines, I transpose into the Stonewall Defense, another positional weak opening, but it offers a clear attacking plan. The main problem is the London System. Against a solid, albeit passive opening, it's difficult for me to adopt my ideal formation.